Arthritis is a broad term that can refer to a number of conditions. Arthritis of the ankle is most often identified as one of the following:
- Osteoarthritis: Caused by degeneration or wear and tear within a joint, osteoarthritis causes inflammation, swelling, and pain when the cartilage within a joint becomes worn down.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: An inflammatory disease that causes the breakdown of cartilage, rheumatoid arthritis is often unpredictable in the joints that it affects. Its cause is unknown.
- Post-Traumatic Arthritis: Following an injury to the ankle, such as a dislocation or a fracture, a patient may develop post-traumatic arthritis.
You may be experiencing arthritis of the ankle if you have pain or tenderness within your ankle joint, stiffness and reduced motion, swelling, and difficulty walking.
“There are several nonsurgical treatment options available for arthritis of the ankle,” explains Dr. Ian D. Archibald, ankle doctor at Carolina Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine Center. “In addition to anti-inflammatory medications, which help to reduce swelling, physical therapy and steroid injections can also ease arthritis pain.”
If your arthritis does not respond to nonsurgical treatment, you may be a candidate for debridement, ankle fusion, or total ankle replacement surgery.
To determine the best treatment option for your condition, schedule an appointment with one of the ankle doctors at Carolina Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine Center by calling 704-312-4379 or clicking here to schedule an appointment online.